© All copyrights are reserved to Clinicalphar.com   2013  

Home

Academy

Global

Clinical pharmacy term  is used to describe the activities and services of clinical pharmacists to optimize pharmaceutical care and proper use of medications for the purpose of optimal patients outcomes.


Clinical pharmacy services are not limited to certain areas but applies to all medical fields such as cardiology, infectious, ambulatory care, oncology, nephrology, internal medicine, …… It also covers in-patient and out-patient services


Required skills:


1- Knowledge about disease     pathophysiology, laboratory data     interpretation, disease management,     pharmacokinetics,     pharmacodynamics and drugs     pharmacology.


2- To have skills about drug information     resources, communication, how to     design pharmaceutical care plan,     patient monitoring, patient     counseling, drug use evaluation, data     presentation and research.


Activities:


I- Drug related:


- If the drug is not yet in hospital    formulary: clinical pharmacists will be   responsible for drug evaluation and    presentation to P&T Committee.


- Before prescribing the medications:

  Clinical pharmacists provide   information about institution formulary   and availability, alternatives, drug   information, drug related policies (e.g.   if the drug is restricted, investigational)

   



Definition:

Role of Clinical Pharmacist

http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/quality/medsafe/pdf/SHPA_Standards_of_Practice_for_Clinical_Pharmacy.PDF

http://www.pharmpress.com/files/docs/ch09_sample_chapter.pdf

http://www.escpweb.org/cms/Clinical_pharmacy

http://www.accp.com/docs/positions/commentaries/Clinpharmdefnfinal.pdf

http://www.lillyhospitalsurvey.ca/hpc2/content/2010_report/chapter_b%20.pdf

CANADA

SHPA

UK-Hospital Pharmacy Chapter

ESCP

ACCP

 References

- During prescribing the medications:

Clinical pharmacists provide services for prescription monitoring such as reviewing the prescribed drugs including proper drug choice for specific indication, dosage, frequency, duration, if there is a need for dose adjustment, suggest the proper drug for untreated indication, consider history of drug allergy, evaluate and manage adverse drug reactions, and possible drug interactions.


- After prescribing the medications: Clinical pharmacists design pharmaceutical care plan, identify problems, establish outcome goals, provide patient counseling, monitor pharmacokinetics and therapeutic drug level, report adverse drug reaction (ADRs), evaluate treatment outcome, and drug information to health care professionals.


II- Patient related:


Clinical pharmacists are responsible for:



Other services:


- Pharmacoeconomic

- Drug use evaluation (DUE)

- Specific clinics services as diabetes,   hypercholesterolemia clinics, and   anticoagulant clinic

- Research

    

http://www.clinicalpharmacy.org.uk/volume1_2/June/opinion1.pdf

http://www.vub.ac.be/MICH/eafp/eafp_pages/archive/pdfpres/oslo_pdf/Antonio%20Melo%20Gouveia.pdf

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2014215/pdf/bcp0047-0231.pdf

Related Links

http://web.imu.edu.my/ejournal/approved/eJournal_1.1_22-34.pdf


http://www.clinicalphar.com/clinical-pharmacy-overview/